kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant ko samjhte hai kidney failure hona ya kidney kharab hona aaj time par aisi bahut si newes aapko aur mujhe sunne ko milti rahti hai. isliye maine ye post likhi jisme kidney failure symptoms treatment and also agar kidney failure ho jaye kidney transplant kaise hota hai..

Kidney failure problem kya hai (symptoms, reason, treatment,) 

kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant
kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

Kidney hamari body part ka wo organs (bhag)hota ha. jo blood me waste product ko flirer karte hai.

Sath hi ye egulatina blood pressure aur electrolyte balance aur body me blood cell  banata hai.

 kidney location abdomen ke right aur left side me. Mostly spine (reedh) right aur left side me hoti hai.

we direct renal arteries  se kidney ki veins se blood ko lete hai fhir renal veins se vena cava se dubra heart ko blood wapas bhejte hai.  

HAMRI  body me kidney failure hone ka maine reason hai waste products  jyda banne se aur un waste product hamri kidney filter nahi kar pati jisse kidney problem banti hai ya kidney  failure ho jati hai.  

Body me fluid wo bhi weak pad sakta hai. breath (saans)ki lene problem hona,

  • lethargy (sustee),

  • swelling(soojan)  bana sakta hai. blood flow se  potassium ko hatne me fail hone par abnormal heart rhythms aur  suddenly  death bhi ho sakti hai.

  •  kabhi -kabhi  starting me kidney failure ke koi symptoms nahi dikh sakte hai. 

  • Kidney failure ke kuch reson hone par theek kiya ja sakta hai kuch par theek nahi kiya ja sakta hai.

Kidney failure hone  ka pata blood test se hota hai. kidney problem  se bachne ke liye blood pressure

Aur diabetes ko control rakhe, chronic  kidney disease me age factor ko samjh lena bhi jarurui hai.

age badne par  kidney function dhire-dhire kam hone ya kidney  weak hone lag jati hai.

 agar kidney puri tarah kharab ho jaye to. Only one solution raha jata hai. wo hai dialysis ya kidney transplant.

Kidney kya work karti hai body me?kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

Jab blood flow kidney me hota hai tab kidney sensors  electrolytes urine (peshab) water ko bahar karte hai .

 jaise  kisi person koi dieses ya exec rice ki wajah dehydrated ho jata hai.to kidney water adhik se adhik  collect kargi.

Urine par focus kargi.  Jab body me water adhik hota to urine bahur clear aur patla hota hai .

ya  system ko control by renin,  hormone jo kidney me hota hai.jo ki body ke fluid aur blood pressure regulation systems ka part hai.

Kidney bhi body me erythropoietin ka source hai.

ak hormone jo red cells ko banana ke liye bone marrow ko stimultates karta hai.

kidney me clles blood aur oxygen me concentration rahti hai.

agar xygen ka level kam ho jata hai to erythropoietin level bad jata hai aurr body me adhik red cells banana lagta hai.urine kidney se banta hai.

ureter(mootravahinee)  se bahta hai.ak tube jo kidney aur bladder jodta hai. urine bladder me stored hota hai.

aur jab peshab hota hai , to bladder urine ko tube se bahar kar det a hai.

Kindey failure ke symptoms kya hai?

Kindney failure ho jane se kidney work par bahut effect padta hai. kidney ka work kam karna kam kar de.

Water aur electrolyte me balancenahi bana pana hai.

 body aane wale waste product ko filter na kar pana.

 Red blood cells ko control me nahi kar pati hai.

kidney failure hone par life me danger situation me la sakti hai.

  • Lethargy (sustee)
  • Weakness (kamjori)
  • Shortness of breath (saans ki problem)
  • Swelling (soojan)
  • Anemia ki wajah se weakness
  • Loss appetite  (bhookh kam lagna)
  • Fatigue( thakaan)
  • Heart attack hone ke chance ya heart fail hone ke.
  • Metoblolic acidosis
  • low calcium blood levels. Hypocalcemia ho sakta hai (high blood potassium)

Blood me urea ka level bad jane par brain encephalopathy, pericarditis(heart ki soojan)

failure of kidney ke causes kya hai?

Purani bimariyo se jo dhire-dhire kidney failure me ya kidney work kam kar deti hai.

jo body ke liye bahut painful aur life ke liye danger ho sakta hai.

 Almost sabhi logo me two kidney hoti hai, isliye kidney failure hone par dono kidney puri tarah kharab honi chahiye.

 Par hamari khushnaseeb ye hai god hame do kidney di hai, agar unme se ak kidney kharab ho jaye to ,

usko hatye ja sakta hai. dusri kidney aapne work kar sakti hai. jisse life proper chal sakti hai.

 magar patient’s ki dono kidney kharab ho jane par ak donor ki jarurat padegi jo kidney de aur kidney transplanted ho..

Kidney failure ko base causes:

Kaha par injury (chhot) lagi hai.kidney me blood ki sahi supply na hone par prerenal causes(renal kidney se pahle)hote hai.

blood ki kami ki wajah se hypovolemia.body me fluid ki kami se dehydration ka hona( example vomiting ,diarrhea,sweating fever)jiski wajah kharab fluids lene bhi ho sakta hai.

jo body water loss ki reason ban jati hai.

kidney me renal artery aur veinki rukawat ki wajah se kidney se abnormal blood flow ka hona.

B ody KA IMMUNE SYSTEM ME infection se agar kidney me problem hoti hai to kidney me soojan aur kam karna band kar sakti hai.

Kuch medicine kidney problem ki wajah ban sakti hai. koi accident se bhi nuksaan ho sakta hai.

kuch medicine me  high cholesterol ke treatment ke liye use ki jati hai . jo ki rhabdomyolysis  ho sakti hai.

rhabdomyolysis me body me important muscle ko tutne ka kaam hota hai aur muscleke fibers filter clog (naaliyo)  ko todna hota hai.

 jo kidney system par effect dalti hai. 

Multiple myeloma glomerulonephritis ki soojan. Jo kidney filter system par effect karti hai.

Hemolytic uremic syndrome :ya  condition tab banti hai, jab red blood cells abnormal destruction(khatam) hone se banti hai.yah mostly children ko after certain infection hota hai. lekin ye

  • medicine,
  • pregnancy ,aur unknown reason bhi ho sakte hai.

Post-renal kidney failure causes

(post=after +renal= kidney)jo affect outflow urine (jo ki peshab ko bahar nikale  affect  karti hai.

bladder aur ureters back pressure ban sakta hai. kyuki  kidney produce urine,par ye rukawat ak dam ki tarah kam karti hai urine kidney me vapas aajata hai.

 jab pressure bahut bad jata hai kidney damaged ho jati hai aur band ho jati hai.

 prostate cancer bhi block kar sakta hai urethra ko. Aur mootraashay ko pet me tumor ko kaali karne se rokta hai.

Kidney stones (gurde ki patri) mostly kidney me stone ho jane par kidney failure nahi hoti hai.

 kyuki kidney ki stone ak kidney ko affect karti hai. jissse kidney fail hone ke chance nahi hote hai,

par agar jis person ki ak hi kidney ho to ak kidney wale ki liye stone us kidney ko bhi fail kar sakti hai.. be careful  one kidney person.. kidney health acha rakhe aapko jisse kidney failure treatment and transplant ki jarurat na pade.

Chronic kidney failure ke reason kya hai

Chronic renal failure month and years me ye problem develop hoti hai.

 chronic  renal failure sebse common reason hai. diabetes ko controlled na rakh pana.

 High blood pressure ko controlled na kar pana aur glomerulonephritis .

dusre reason jinse chronic kidney failure hone ki possibility bahut kam hoti hai.

poly-cystic kidney disease kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

reflux nehropathy(jo damage karti bladder me ureters backflow se kidney ko)nephritic syndrome(gurde ki bimari). Alport’s disease.

 interstitial nephritis. Kidney me stone ka hona. Prostate disease.

kidney failure hone baad pain ya dard hota hai.

hamari body me kidney failure hone ke baad pain aur discomfort ho sakte hai.

amyloid ak protein hai. kindey me filter ka kaam karta hai. gurde ke fail hone ke baad blood me amyloid protein  jyda ho jata hai aur joint (jodo)aur tendons  ke sath tissue aur organs me ak amyloid protein jama hone par dard ki  wajah banta hai.

symptoms

joint stiffness (jodo me akdan)

pain and swelling (dard aur sujan)

diabetes agar controlled se bahar ho jaye to neuropathy dard ko develop kar sakta hai.

jin logo ko peripheral vascular disease hoti hai unke pairo me dard hota hai jo chalne ke sath hota hai.

Diagnosis of kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

Kidney failure hone ke treatment ke liye blood tests kiya jata hai BUN,

Creatinine  aur GFR  se kiya jata hai.

jo ki blood me waste product ko mapte hai. urine tests me protein ke level  ko check karte hai.

 abnormal cells agar develop ho gaya hai usko check kiya jata hai.

  • Abdominal ultrasound (pet ka ultrasound bhi kiya ja sakta hai)
  • Kidney biopsy 

Hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes 

Diabetes and hypertension se kidney ke liye bahut danger ho sakti hai.

We kidney aur body duare organs  damage karte hai. daily life ki hamari activity hi diabetes and hypertension banati aur bigadti hai.

Kaun-kaun diet lene chahiye kidney failure hone par

Kidney fail hone par kidney blood extra water ko bahar nahi nikal pati hai.

Na hi salt aur potassium aasani se bahar nikal pati hai.kidney hamari  body me jaruri supplement jaise calcium and phosphorus nahi pauch pata jo hamri health aur bone ke need hai.

in kaami hone par osteoporosis aur fractures ka reason ban sakti hai. isliye Potassium rich food aapni daily life me diet include kare.jisse aapki kidney ke kidney failure treatment and transplant

  • Banana (केले)
  • apricots (खुबानी)
  • cantaloupe (खरबूजा )
  • sweet potatoes ( मीठे आलू )
  • yogurt ( दही )
  • spinach ( पालक )
  • milk ( दूध )
  • cheese ( पनीर )
  • nuts (मेवे )
  • soy beans (सोयाबीन )
  • lentils (मसूर की दाल )
  • whole grain product (साबुत अनाज उत्पादों )

in food me calcium hota hai jo hamare metabolism ke sath judi hai.

in food ko diet me le.     

Medications 

Many different  types medications kidney failure me di jati hai.

Phosphorus lowering (कम) karne ki medication for example

  • Calcium carbonates ((caltrate)
  • Calcitriol (Rocaltrol )
  • Sevelamer (Renagel)

  • Red blood cell production stimulation jaise ki erythropoietin, (Aranesp) darbepoetin
  • Iron supplement
  • Vitamins
  • Blood pressure controlled karne ke liye medications

Very Impotent agar ak baar jab kidney puri tarah failure ho jaye ( गुर्द ख़राब )to treatment options hi rah jata hai dialysis or kidney replacement by transplantation hi rah jate hai..

Dialysis kya hai?
kidney treatment and transplant

Dialysis  kya hai?

Dialysis ak filter systems ki tarah use kiya jata hai. jo  body se waste product ko body me clean karta hai.

Dialysis to types ki hoti hai.

Hemodialysis body me other electrolytes ko balance karne ke liye  aur metabolism waste products ko hatne ke sath hi.

 Water  aur salt ko hatne ke liye ak dialyzer or artificial kidney ko use kiya jata jo maschine filter ka kaam karti hai.

 blood body se hata diya jata hai. tubing  ke medium se machine  me bahta hai. jaha ak filter membrane (झिल्ली) ke bagal se gujarata hai.aur dusri tarah ak chemical solution (dialysate) bahta hai.dialysate ko filter membrane (झिल्ली) ke medium se blood se waste product ko khichne ke liye ready kiya jata hai.

kidney failure treatment and transplant

kidney failure symptoms treatment and  transplant
kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

Kidney fail hone par sirf kindney  badal ko kidney transplant kahte hai. nephrologist  contact karte organ transplant center se arrange karte hai aur patient treatment ke liye suitable hai. fir ak donor ko search kiya jata hai.

Sometime, family members compatible tissue types (khabhi-kabhi family kisi member ki patient kidney lagne ke liye suitable hoti hai) agar wo chahe to aapni kidney donate kar sakte hai.

 aur kidney transplant kiya ja sakta hai. otherwise patient organ transplant ki list me rakh diya jata hai agar koi kidney donar mile jis ki kidney patient ke liye suitable ho to transplant kiya ja sakega.

Kabhi body new kidney reject kar sakti hai ya kahe transplant kidney kam na kare.

operation ke sath bleeding aur infection ka risk bhi hota hai.kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant

Note: kidney problem bahut hai danger hai hamari healthy life ke liye. Kidney problem se bachne ke liye fast food ko aapni daily diet me  kam use kare.

kyuki hamari health ke liye good nahi hai.  kidney ko health rakhe . dosto jin kidney fail ho gai un 100% logo me se sirf 5% logo ka kidney transplant kiya ja sakta hai.

first reason kidney transplant coast high hai. Second very impotent reason  ki BP aur  diabetes ke patient kidney nahi li ja sakti hai.  kidney failure symptoms treatment and transplant ke baare me ham sab ko information honi chahiye.

dosto meri post aapko achi lage to like aur share jarur kare. jisse ye information jyda se jyda se log tak pahuchai ja sake.

thanks friends  

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